Bruegel was also an accomplished landscape painter. Luther wanted to wash away the Catholic bureaucracy, including the Pope, whom he denied was divinely ordainedand the whole ecclesiastical hierarchy of cardinals, bishops, etc. Artistically Rome remained in closer touch with the Netherlands than with Spain.
But there is also evidence that he had close fellowship with the evangelical wing of the Mennonites, the Doopsgezinden, who were virtually Baptists.
Medieval Art and Architecture after the Middle Ages. The National Gallery in Washington has an excellent collection of various types of Rembrandts, including a landscape with windmill. No imagery is acceptable, not the crucifix, the bishop's crozier, the chalice of the holy wine, clerical vestments, or organ music.
However, as we have noted, he was influenced by other groups, such as the Mennonites,  and his work transcends any party lines. In England and Scotland destruction of religious art, most intense during the English Commonwealthwas especially heavy.
The courtly style of Northern Mannerism in the second half of the century has been seen as partly motivated by the desire of rulers in both the Holy Roman Empire and France to find a style of art that could appeal to members of the courtly elite on both sides of the religious divide.
Not knocking your answer though, it seems like a pretty good representation of what Protestants think, although I don't understand all the reasoning. A key hallmark of Protestantism was sermons, of which Luther wrote and published many.
Despite the differences in approaches to religious art, stylistic developments passed about as quickly across religious divisions as within the two "blocs".
He learned the mechanics of painting under a local architectural painter, but his real art education started with Pieter Lastman, a successful painter of religious and mythological subjects. Calvin was violently opposed to both cross and crucifix. His message may be summarized in the words of Ecclesiastes: Wooden organ cases were also often painted with similar scenes to those in Catholic churches.
Subjects prominent in Catholic art other than Jesus and events in the Biblesuch as Mary and saints were given much less emphasis or disapproved of in Protestant theology. His subjects now became less emotional and more serene.
For a few years Lutheran altarpieces like the Last Supper by the younger Cranach were produced in Germany, especially by Luther's friend Lucas Cranachto replace Catholic ones, often containing portraits of leading reformers as the apostles or other protagonists, but retaining the traditional depiction of Jesus.
While historians reject the coincidental theory, some see the Christmas date as a challenge to Roman religion while others see the overlap as an effective way for Christians to recruit pagans to their faith.
The Peace of Augsburg in temporarily reconciles the Protestant north and the Catholic south in the German states, and the conflict moves west into the monarchies of Spain and France. Given such complexity, it is natural that throughout Christian history both those in the tradition and those surrounding it have made attempts at simplification.
With the focus of the painting giving direct attention to the crucifixion of Christ, it complies with the religious content of the council and shows the story of the passion while keeping Christ in the image of the ideal human. Hence, a Dutch artist who did religious paintings did so because he wanted to.
The social revolt has unfortunate consequences for Luther's reformation. The Aftermath Before and during the years of the Reformation, exploration and westward colonization broaden horizons and help relieve pressures among the warring factions in Europe.
A more restrained style, the Neoclassical, will replace the Baroque. The traditions of landscapes and genre paintings that would fully flower in the 17th century began during this period. OT events, NT events, and individual figures of biblical subjects, such as Christ, the apostles, and others.
Altar piece in St. Slowly, these followers of Christ came to be called Christians. This began very early in the Reformation, when students in Erfurt destroyed a wooden altar in the Franciscan friary in December Also, the small reproduction was a gift for my graduation from Washington Bible College by a friend who was an arranger for the Navy Band, Richard Raven, now with the Lord.
Portrayals of Jesus presiding over the Last Judgment became a characteristic of the western main portals of Christian churches, particularly those constructed during the Middle Ages.
Retribution for his crime should have fallen rapidly, but the election of a new emperor, Charles Vslows the justice system. He kept aloof from any dogmatism. A major theological difference between Protestantism and Catholicism is the question of transubstantiationor the literal transformation of the Communion wafer and wine into the body and blood of Christ, though both Lutheran and Reformed Christians affirmed the real presence of Christ in the Eucharistthe former as a sacramental union and the latter as a pneumatic presence.
Paintings of the Crucifixionhowever, are much less sentimental. Italy, whose kingdoms surrounded the nearby Vatican, remained Catholic. Many are on a biblical theme. If most people are not concerned with defining the essence of Christianity, in practice they must come to terms with what the word essence implies.
Genre and landscape[ edit ] After the early years of the reformation, artists in Protestant areas painted far fewer religious subjects for public display, although there was a conscious effort to develop a Protestant iconography of Bible illustration in book illustrations and prints.Protestant religious art both embraced Protestant values and assisted in the proliferation of Protestantism, but the amount of religious art produced in Protestant countries was hugely reduced.
Artists in Protestant countries diversified into secular forms of art like history painting, landscape painting, portrait painting and still life.
There are, however, great Protestant artists of Christian themes: Albrecht D rer, Peter Paul Rubens**, Holman Hunt, the Danish sculptor Thorvaldsen, to name a few. However, the greatest Protestant artist is surely Rembrandt van Ryn. Catholic art is art related to the Catholic Church.
This includes visual art (iconography), sculpture, decorative arts, applied arts, and architecture. In a broader sense, also Catholic music may be included.
Expressions of art may or may not attempt to illustrate, supplement and portray in.
The Reformation gave rise to all forms of Protestant Christianity outside the established Church — or what we now call the Roman Catholic Church — including Lutheran, Baptist, Presbyterian, Methodist, United Church of Christ, Reformed, all forms of evangelical fundamentalism, and Mormonism. As a footnote, the listing of the 10 Commandments is different between Catholic and most Protestant traditions.
In the Catholic listing, idolatry is not present, but is considered as part of the first commandment, and have two commandments that mention covetousness. 4 Protestant Reformation & America Martin Luther at the Diet of Worms,Anton von Werner () We need to understand some basics of Christian history to .Download